Posted by & filed under PatternFly, UX Research.

In an increasingly mobile-oriented world, it is important to test and validate design decisions and how they affect usage on mobile devices like smartphones. The PatternFly team gathered some user feedback at Red Hat Summit 2017 in Boston, MA to gain some insight into designing for these devices.


The team tested two different designs, and various elements within those designs including:

  • Filtering
  • Breadcrumbs
  • Actions

Using a dataset including US cities within the categories of their respective states (e.g. Detroit contained in the Michigan category), users were asked to locate individual cities, groups of cities, and navigate through the different categories using breadcrumbs.

Option 1, Table View


Option 1, Card View


Option 1, List View


Option 3, Table View


Option 3, Card View


Option 3, List View


*Note that there was an Option 2, but it was not tested


Searching via Filtering

Filtering in this version was difficult for some users. Most users understood the concept of filters and how to apply one, however difficulties were encountered when removing the filters and changing the filters.

Applying both City and State filters simultaneously was common, this resulted in no results being shown. Some users who experienced this error were confused by how to remove filters.

About half of the users searched via filtering, and the others chose to simply scroll through the full list of cities to find and select the target items. It may be inferred that scrolling on mobile devices is a learned behavior that users are comfortable using, as many smartphones and tablets encourage infinite scrolling.

When asked to locate and select all cities in the state of Illinois, most users could complete the task, but some had difficulty applying the filter, and finding how to select all the items.

When asked to locate all the cities beginning with the letter “W”, every user could complete this task, though one had some difficulty with the filters. This user ultimately cleared all filters to start fresh, and completed the task.

Looking at the filtering behavior, we can see that there needs to be some further evaluation of these elements. Clearing filters should be examined in future studies to ensure it is simple to understand. We must pay attention to filter design so that users always understand which are applied.

Option 1, showing an applied filter in Table View


Use of Breadcrumbs

Breadcrumbs were utilized by about half of the users when asked to navigate back to the top level of the interface. Some users simply did not understand how to do this, and could not complete the task. There we no discernible differences between Option 1 and Option 3 regarding Breadcrumb design. Based on this, Breadcrumbs should be investigated further – a more complete test of Breadcrumbs could reveal whether they are appropriate for a mobile design.

Option 1, Breadcrumbs variation, Table View


Option 3, Breadcrumbs variation, Table View


Action Buttons

During the searching tasks, user were also asked to use the action buttons (Edit, Remove) after selecting the target items. Most users successfully located and used these action buttons. They seemed to understand these functions well. Some users commented that they would expect in-line actions on each item in the interface, meaning Edit and Remove would be shown as actions on each item, not just at the top in the toolbar. This would be something to investigate further, and you can see in the screenshot below that Table View had a placeholder for such actions.

Option 1, Table View, Action buttons expanded


Key Insights

Overall, there were some issues we discovered when these designs are used on a mobile platform. Things like filtering need some adjustment and further study to determine the best practice for implementation on mobile devices. Applying and clearing filters needs to be simple. Filter status needs to be apparent. Breadcrumbs need to be examined further to determine whether they make sense on a mobile interface. Selecting multiple items is an important feature that needs to be easy to find. Action buttons are important, we should investigate whether in-line actions are preferred over keeping them in the toolbar.

We also observed some interesting behaviors that are specific to mobile devices that should be investigated in future studies:

  • On Android, the OS “Back Button” feature was utilized by a couple users to navigate back through the hierarchy instead of breadcrumbs. This was not anticipated, and should be considered for future designs.
  • On both iOS and Android, using the touchscreen to zoom in was observed. After zooming in and pressing “Enter” to apply a filter, users expected the screen to zoom back out, but it did not.


Future studies can focus on these elements specifically in the mobile interface. Judging by the small sample we have from this Summit 2017 testing, we can see there are some challenges and different needs when designing for mobile devices.

Posted by & filed under Forms, PatternFly.

1. In-Line Edit for Form

Inline Edit pattern enables users to edit text directly on the same page instead of navigating them to another page for editing the text. This is useful when the user may want to make a single edit without the need to refresh the entire form to make it editable. This pattern would help user to edit the info they need edit accurately and reduce the mistake operation.

Single Field Inline Edit Design

  • Only one item can be edited at a time. Users commit to or cancel changes by clicking Save or Cancel.

Example A

This a Staff Management System,most information in the form is management by company, only nickname and personal telephone number can be edit by employee.

There are three status to show to the in-line edit process.


Example B

This a personal information page, all the info in the form is added by users and all the info allow user to edit.


  1. In the usage scenarios like example A which with fewer fields can be edited. Displaying the Edit icons will help user discover them directly.
  2. In the usage scenarios like example B, most information allow user to edit. The edit icon can be hidden. Because when there are too many edit icons. The UI is obviously going to look cluttered. You can hover your cursor over the name. Once you hover over the name, you will see the information getting enclosed inside a rectangular box.

Multiple Field Inline Edit Design

A user try to edit a group information such as his birthday. When he hover the birthday number, he will see the hover status same as the following image. Once he click inside the rectangular box, the field becomes input groups with save and cancel buttons.


  1. This pattern applies to form content views.
  2. This pattern does not include bulk actions (editing multiple fields at once).
  3. This pattern applies to fewer fields need to be edited.


Field Inline edit components need to be created


2. A toggle to a full edit mode

If the form need users to updated a lot of information at one time. We would better giving a Edit button on the top. After click the edit button turn the page to edit status with group of fields.

  • Users commit to or cancel changes by clicking Save or Cancel

View status

Edit status (full page view)


  1. This pattern applies to edit multiple fields at once. If users usually edit only a few fields, do not use this pattern. Field Inline Edit will be better.
  2. Either edit view in a full page view or modal is make sense. We would better keep the consistent use habit. If the information add by modal, when you click edit button, you can return to modal status with the origin information. If it from a full page, you can return to the full page view.


3. Real-time sharing form

Some real-time sharing form such as Google sheet which without cancel and save button. Keep edit mode always on.

Welcome more feedback about Inline Edit on Forms. Thank you~


Posted by & filed under PatternFly, UX Research.

Validation of design choices is important when designing new features of any product. The PatternFly Team values this process and frequently seeks input on different designs from users outside the team. This process not only validates the items in question, but can also provide new insights for future implementations.

Recently the PatternFly Team decided to further investigate pagination and determine what should be the recommended approach. The team also decided to investigate selection of items, action buttons, and gather any other comments from the users.

Option 1, pagination pinned at top & bottom. List view shown.


Option 2, pagination sticky at bottom only. List view shown.


Part 1: Finding & Selecting Items with pagination

Users were shown the interface beginning on a random view (Table, Card, or List). Some users began on Option 1, some on Option 2, but all users experienced both Options. It was explained that this is a prototype and some features are not functioning. Users were asked to complete the following tasks one-by-one:

  • Find the pink item and select it
  • Find the remaining 3 pink items and select them (these were on subsequent pages)
  • Later in the testing, users would complete these tasks on the other option

Table View showing the pink item.

Card View showing the pink item.

List View showing the pink item.


Results showed that all users successfully completed these tasks without confusion. Time differences between Option 1 and Option 2 were negligible. For Option 1, most users used the bottom-pinned pagination controls (7 of 11 users). Most users chose to use Card View for these tasks. Based on this data alone, we feel confident that both pagination options will feel intuitive and deliver successful results.


Part 2: Action Buttons

Following the first task, users were asked to select any item and perform an action using the buttons. This was repeated once.

Action Buttons, shown here.


Results showed that all users successfully complete the tasks without any issue. Time differences between Option 1 and Option 2 were negligible. Based on this data alone we can be confident that these action buttons are placed and labeled in an appropriate way.


Part 3: Selecting multiple items

Users were then asked about selecting multiple items in the interface. Users were asked:

  • How would you select all 75 items?
  • How would you select all the items on this page?

Selection options, shown here.


Results showed that nearly all users across both Option 1 and Option 2 could successfully complete the tasks.

  • For Option 1: 1 user gave up and could not complete the Select All task, all others completed the task successfully.
    • The user who gave up: “I would have used Command, A to select all items.” He did not notice the arrow that indicated the menu for selecting these options. He said that it did not make sense to him.
    • Most users (7 of 10) used the top controls.
  • For Option 1: all users successfully completed the Select Page task.
    • Most users (7 of 11) used the top controls.
  • For Option 2: 1 user gave up and could not complete the Select All task, all others completed the task successfully.
    • The user who gave up: “It was just difficult to find, I couldn’t find it.”
  • For Option 2: 1 user gave up and could not complete the Select Page task, all others completed the task successfully.
    • The user who gave up: “It felt hidden.”

Many users commented that they would prefer a selection checkbox in the top-left corner (especially in Table and List views) to select all items on the page. Many cited things like Gmail as an example, something with which they’re quite familiar. This is a point that should be evaluated in future studies.

A few users commented that the menu for selecting multiple items appeared more like a status than an actual menu they could use. This is a point that should be evaluated in future studies.

Based on the data for these tasks, we can recommend there be further investigation on how to improve the selection of multiple items. Not all users understand this element, and many have concerns about its visibility.


Overall Preferences & other insights

Users were also asked to indicate their preferred pagination design. At the end of all tasks, users were shown the differences between the two designs and asked which they preferred, and to provide any clarification as to why they made this choice.

Overall, the preference is split with 5/11 users choosing Option 1, and the other 6/11 users choosing Option 2.

  • Those who prefer Option 1 state:
    • “Its at the top, no scrolling needed to see my controls”
    • “I prefer things to be at the top, would be even better if it was sticky at the top”
  • Those who prefer Option 2 state:
    • “Its always available, no matter what”
    • “With the other option you can lose the controls when scrolling”

From these results, we can see that regardless of preference indicated here, users want their pagination controls to be always-available. A sticky pagination control would meet this need.

Other key insights include:

  • Ensure that future pagination options are always visible & available regardless of scrolling.
  • Investigate a Select All checkbox, especially in Table and List views. Users tend to understand this element and look for it.
  • Specifically for Card View: many users tried to select the items by clicking on the item (not the checkbox). Many commented that they think its more difficult to have to first realize there is a checkbox by hovering over the item, but then also to click the small checkbox. Simply clicking the item itself may improve usability. Team should also investigate selection methods similar to this for the other viewing options.


We would love to hear feedback on this process, please comment below!

Posted by & filed under Forms.

With so many new mobile phones, tablets and other devices coming out every day, designers have to be prepared to make common functions easy to do on these devices. The usual approach to this is responsive design.

The usability of web forms is by no means a new topic. It has been covered in general usability references. Forms are one of the most common elements on the Web, without them the conversation is only going one way. Forms are used for purchasing, contact, and so much more. It’s vital that the forms you produce are equally functional across the full range of devices, from smart phones to desktops. Mastering the art of making these types of functionalities small yet user friendly can be a task.

This blog is try to provide guidelines for designers in laying out Bootstrap responsive forms and includes how to work with the Bootstrap grid system, setting appropriate field width, and web vs. mobile considerations.

1.Bootstrap Grid System

Bootstrap includes a responsive, mobile first fluid grid system that appropriately scales up to 12 columns as the device or viewport size increases. It includes predefined classes for easy layout options.

Grid options

The Bootstrap grid system work across multiple devices with a handy table.

Breakpoints & Input Width Definition

1.Bootstrap user interfaces adapt layouts for the following breakpoint widths: 768px, 992px, 1200px.

2. We can find the definition of  input width in Bootstrap v2,but it has been replaced by the grid system  introduced in Bootstrap V3. The definition could help us understand the input width how long the length is large.


2. Responsive Forms Examples

Example 1: Red Hat Login


Screen width > 1200px    container=1170px  form-width: col-md-5

1200px > Screen width > 992px   container=970px  form-width: col-md-5

992px > Screen width > 768px   container=750px  form-width=100%


Example 2: PatternFly Login


Screen width > 768px   The form used classes (col-sm-7 / col-md-6 / col-lg-5) to control the width.

Screen width < 768px   Form width: 100%


Example 3: Openshift Login


Screen width > 768px    The form used classes (medium-11 large-9) to control the width.

Screen width < 768px    Form width: 100%


Example 4: PatternFly Modal


Screen width > 768px    The modal box width is 598px    The field width is col-sm-9

Screen width < 768px    The modal box width is auto        The field width is 100%


Example5: Theme Foundry


The form width is fixed 258px and the webpage background is responsive.

Screen width < 400px   The background hide and form width to 100%;


Example6: Kingshill Cars



3.Guidelines for Responsive Form Layout


1.With the help of Bootstrap Grid System,  select the appropriate length of web forms for different device. For form fields with a variable input length but within a standard average, you should find a good default you can use for all form fields of this type. The same width of the field will looks very unified in visual.

In most usage scenarios,  the form field length will not more than 530px (input-xxlarge). For different screen size, we could select the field width below. The bootstrap grid defines the xsmall screen size , so the field width will be 100% usually when the screen size less than 768px. The least field length should be over the content input width.


2. Pay more attention to form fields with fixed input length could reduce the enter mistake. Form fields with a fixed input length such as bank card number or ID card,  you could adjust the width of the field to exactly match the known input length regardless of the other fields on the page.


3. If the label width is long, present the labels on the top of the input field will be better on small devices.


4. Visual flow from top to bottom will be easier to read. The form column more than 2 columns will be harder to read. Some user confuse to enter the text from top to bottom or from left to right.


5. Put the related information in one line always. Such as Day / Month / Year、 Card number and it’s contract life…


Welcome other approaches that I have not covered here and you can expect to see these guidelines on the PatternFly site in the near future.

Posted by & filed under Communication, PatternFly Design.


The Notification Drawer is a content delivery system to expose time-based information such as events, tasks, and alerts. It is a self contained system that is viewable without having to navigate to another area of the application. Upon login it offers initial notifications for what has changed in the form of dismissible Toast Notifications and a permanent interactive icon in the header bar. It is hidden or revealed at the user’s request.


The goal of this design is to address the concerns related to notification drawer and how it should be collapsed in a responsive state for both the vertical and horizontal navigation.


Desktop State for the Notification Drawer

This is an existing design for how the notification drawer looks on desktop screens. More details can be found in PatternFly:

  1. Icon: Displays visual differentiator when new or unread notifications are present. Clicking on the icon will slide out a drawer and dismiss the toast notification. Clicking on the icon again will close the drawer.
  2. Drawer Title: Title of Drawer.
  3. Accordion: Only one notification tab may be opened at a given time -maximizing drawer space. Italicized text will indicate number of new events. Clicking on the title will expand accordion.
  4. Row: Example content shows relevant icon creating a visual differentiator between content severity or object type. New/unread notifications are shown in bold.
  5. Row Hover State: Example of hover state.
  6. Mark All Read: Clicking “Mark All Read” changes all visible unread rows (bold row type) to read (regular row type).
  7. Icon Empty: The empty state shows no new events.
  8. Row Actions: Clicking on the Kabob menu will reveal a drop down containing actions for that item.
  9. Infinite Scroll: Infinite scroll reduces need to identify time range on accordion tab. Allows for free-range historical search of notifications.


Design for Responsive State

The Notification Drawer can have two states: Without New Notifications and With New Notifications. The whole design can also be found in InVision:


Notification Drawer Without New Notifications

  1. The icon of Notification is exposed on the navigation bar (not in the navigation menu like before). Because we use full/empty state to show if there are new events, the icon should be visible at all times so the user will know if there’re new events at a glance. An empty icon is used to show the state of No New Notifications.
  2. When User clicking on the Notification Icon , the notification drawer will be open and the bell change to be full and blue (#0088ce).
  3. The notification drawer will take over the whole screen width. That is because the mobile screen is much smaller than the PC’s and there’re plenty of actions to make in this page.
  4. When there are no new notifications, all the labels are default to be collapsed.
  5. Only one Label may be opened at a time. The other two Labels will stuck in the top/bottom of the screen (if user open Label 2, Label 1 will stuck at the top and the Label 3 will stuck in the bottom)
  6. User can scroll up and down within a Label  to view more events. It will load 10 events at a time by default.
  7. When scrolling to the bottom of the list, user can pull up to load more events.


Notification Drawer With New Notifications

  1. When there are new notifications, the icon will change to be full.
  2. When User clicking on the Notification Icon, the bell change to be blue (#0088ce).
  3. The Mark All Read button will stuck in the bottom within the label.
  4. After clicking on Mark All Read, all the new/unread notifications within this label will change to be read and the Mark All Read button will be hidden. Also, the text under the Label name will show “0 New Events”.
  5. We used to have a unified expanded icon in the PC’s version. But it may be too complicated on mobile. So all the info will be shown and user don’t need to expand a event anymore.

Posted by & filed under Forms, PatternFly.



After researched the quick filter using scenario and the products, Finding out that we could separate the filter function into Quick filter and Advanced filter in order to meet the different needs. 

The Quick filter is suitable for commonly used situation.It is fast, simple and obvious. It is used in the common scenario and easy to apply. 

Here is the Quick filter design:

In some cases, for complicated using scenario, the quick filter can not meet the user’s need. Especially for those products that have large amount of criteria and multi select options. Developers of the products can only meet the needs by adding on more functions. We could design a new filter pattern to meet the requirement.




Advanced filter is suitable for users who want to:

  1. Quickly filter the data from a large amount of criteria
  2. Fast searching for data from a long list of value
  3. Combine multiple filter criteria into a single filter
  4. Save the custom filters that can be recalled and reapplied at another time

Here are some product examples:

1. Errata Tool


User : Developers / QE

Job: Working and cooperating on a certain type of advisory until the rpm package delivered to the customer.

Pain point: 

The user needs to filter and watch a certain advisory. When finish part of the work of an advisory, the user needs to deliver it to another department for review. During the review process, the user will work on other advisories. After review, the user will spend some time to configure the filter again to search the advisory to continue the work.

Since the configure field is too much, the user would like to have a function to save the custom filters that can be recalled and reapplied at another time. Currently, the user can only favorite the advisory page in browser.




2. Forman


User : Administrator

Job: Managing Linux systems.

Pain point: 

The user needs to filter and watch a certain Linux system. The user takes time to filter out the data from the multi categories. The common search field can not meet the needs well. The user needs a more accurate and visualized filter. Currently, the user can type in a rule to search.



User : Administrator

Job: Unify the portal of ceph and gluster storage systems.

Pain point: The user needs to filter and watch a certain storage system and filter out the data from a multiple filter criteria. Currently the filer can only filter from the single filter criteria.



User : Developer

Job: Renting hardware.

Pain point: 

The user needs to rent a certain hardware. When filtering the hardware, the user needs to read through a long list of values and also fill in several criteria. The user would like to quickly get the correct value from the long list and to simplify the filter interaction.


More research could be found in google doc:



Advanced filter is based on the current quick filter pattern and provides a filter solution that contains a group of dropdown menu and a custom selector.

The dropdown menu group includes single selector, single selector with search and multi selector.

The custom selector contains a button to create custom filter and also a dropdown menu for saved custom filter. It is used for users to define their own filters and save them that can be recalled and reapplied at another time.

Users could choose to implement either of the functions based on their own requirement.

Single dropdown selector


The quick searching filter remains the same as the current filter pattern.

  1. Attribute Selector (optional): Contains a list of the possible attributes by which to filter.
  2. Single dropdown selector: Use when there are less than 8 possible values. The filter is activated when the user click the dropdown.

Single dropdown selector with search


  1. Single dropdown selector with search: Use when there are more than 8 possible values.


Multi dropdown selector


  1. Multi dropdown selector: Use when there are multiple filter criteria to search in a single filter. Click the checkbox to check or uncheck the filter. Clicking the “X” of active filters could also remove the multi filters.

Custom selector


The custom selector contains a “create a filter” button and a “My filter” dropdown selector. When users haven’t save any filter before. The “My filter” button will not show unless users save one.

  1. Change the name: Use when saving the custom filter. Click the field to change the name and click “Save” button to save the filter. After clicking the “Save” button the filter is activated.
  2. Cancel: Use when canceling the custom filter.
  3. Apply the custom filter: Use when applying the custom filter but not saving it.


  1. My filter: Use when reapplying the saved custom filter.
  2. Delete button: Use to delete the saved custom filter. When hovering one of the filter, the delete button will show.

More design details could be found in Invision:



Posted by & filed under Forms.



In the previous discussion about the quickly filtering for dataset, we researched the quick filter using scenario and the products (oVirt / CloudForms  / RH Customer Portal / Errata Tool / Openshift), Finding out that we could improve the current filter pattern to meet the requirement.


The quick filter is suitable for commonly used situation. It is based on the current Patternfly filter pattern but adding on a group of toggle button. We also changed some of the design details of the current filter pattern.

Current filter pattern can be found here:




Quick filter is a component that enables a user to quickly apply stackable filters to a table or page full of objects.It should be fast, simple and obvious.

Quick filter is displayed as a component of the Data Toolbar with a quick searching function and a toggle button group. The toggle button group is used to filter the important certain value.


Product example:



Quick searching Filter


The quick searching filter remains the same as the current filter pattern.

  1. Attribute Selector (optional): Contains a list of the possible attributes by which to filter.
  2. Filter Query Field: Use when there are more than 15 possible values. The user’s filter query is entered here. The filter is activated when the user presses the “enter” key and all objects that do not have a match to this value are hidden.
  3. Filter Query Dropdown (optional): Use the filter query dropdown when there are less than 15 possible values to allow the user to select from a known and fixed value list (e.g a list of statuses). The filter is activated when the user selects a value. Objects that do not have this value are hidden.


Active filters Bar

For the active filters bar, we changed some of the design. We move the “Clear All” button to the far left. Compare with placing the button to the far right,

it is a better way to avoid the  “Clear All” button from getting out of the user’s focus when the active filters list becomes very long.

Also, the “Clear All” button will show only When there are more than one filter activated. If there is only one filter that is activated, the “Clear All” button is hidden. 

  1. Active Filter: Quick Filters are labeled with the attribute and value used to create them. Clicking the “X” in the box will remove the filter. New filters appear to the right of existing filters and are highlighted briefly upon appearance. If no active filters exist, the active filters bar is hidden.
  2. Clear All Filters: Clicking this action removes all currently active filters.

Toggle button group

The toggle button group is a new adding on. Button groups is a commonly used and obvious way to display a filter.

  1. Toggle Button Group: It can quickly filtering the most commonly activated or the most important certain criteria. The toggle button group filter is preloaded. It is not like quick searching filter, which is activated after user clicking the enter key.  The number of the toggle button group is better less than four.

More research could be found in google doc:

More design details could be found in Invision:

Posted by & filed under Forms, PatternFly.

In designing enterprise applications, we very often encounter situations where the user needs to edit existing information.  In many cases this editing is done in the context of a form where users can make and commit changes.  You may sometime need to apply role-based access to enable editing for authorized users, only.  How should you accomplish this using components available through PatternFly?  This post identifies some common use cases for form based editing and potential design approaches.

Common Patterns

There are at least three approaches to editing that are commonly found.  Each of these has advantages and disadvantages so the right approach may be dependent on context.  Understanding the tradeoffs involved will lead to better decisions about editor design.  To illustrate these approaches, I will use a simple use case that’s easy to understand.  Let’s consider that an application has a database of users and I, as an administrator, want to edit the credentials of a selected user.  What are some potential approaches that can be taken?

First, let’s suppose our high-level view of users is presented in a list view that looks something like this:

If I want to edit the details of one or more of these users.  How should I proceed?


Pattern A – Drill Down to Edit Details

A simple approach is to open each user record in a separate editable form.  The editable form can be contained in a modal dialog or as a full-page drill down.  The user makes the required edit and clicks Save to commit them back to the user database.  Watch the video to see this interaction.


Or if modals aren’t for you, the same pattern can be accomplished by substituting a full page view for the modal dialog.



This approach is clear and straight forward.  Users are clearly presented with editable information, can make their changes, and can click Save when done.  If using a modal approach, users are focused on the task at hand and cannot navigate away without saving or cancelling changes.  Role-based access control is easily accomplished by preventing unauthorized users from clicking Edit.


The drill-down approach requires an extra navigation step to edit the details of an object.  It also does not allow these details to be exposed to some users in a read-only mode.  This may be a problem if there are details that should be viewable to all but cannot be represented on the parent view.


Pattern B – Toggle Between View and Edit Modes

One way to allow read-only access for some users and full editing privileges to others is to support drill-down to details and then require an additional step to enable editing.

In the example, the Edit button placed in the header of the page gives the user the option to turn the page into an editable form.  Access can be denied to some users by disabling or hiding the edit control.  After the user has made their edits, they can commit their changes by clicking Save or click Cancel to discard changes and return to the read-only mode.


This approach allows the same page to be used for viewing as well as editing details.  Access to edit mode can be controlled via the Edit button.


Switching between read-only and edit modes will require a page refresh.  Depending on the content on a page, it may be necessary for layout to change significantly when switching between modes.  This has the potential to disorient users as elements change position.


Pattern C – In-Line Edit on a Form

Like in Approach B, the details are presented in a read-only page view.  When users want to edit a specific element, they can put that element directly into an editable mode, make their changes, and save them.  They can make multiple edits on the same page in this way.



This approach does not require a page refresh and only one element is made editable at a time.  This works well when only a few elements are likely to be edited at a given time.  If validation needs to be performed in the back-end, inline editing will provide more immediate feedback since each change is submitted separately.


This method will become tedious if many items will be edited on the page due to the additional clicks required and the potential turn around time after each change is submitted.  Making this behavior clearly visible can also be challenging.  A small icon or other signifier can be added adjacent to editable fields, however this may add clutter to the form.



While there is not a one size fits all approach to editing data on forms, there are some high-level guidelines that we can apply in most cases:

  • In most cases drill down from some content view (Card, List or Table view) into a separate edit page should be your default approach.  This may be accomplished using either a standard modal dialog or on an edit page with appropriate submit buttons.
  • Toggling between view and edit modes on the same form is useful when you want to show the details to all users, but only some can edit.
  • In-line editing is a very efficient approach when users are likely to edit only a single parameter at a time.

What’s your take on this?  I welcome other approaches that I have not covered here and you can expect to see these guidelines on the PatternFly site in the near future.


Posted by & filed under Announcements.

The Red Hat UXD team is excited to announce the first ever PatternFly Conference on June 8 from 12 – 6PM at the Red Hat Annex in Raleigh.

The PatternFly Conference is a half day community conference dedicated to sharing ideas, techniques, and tools to power great user experience through front-end design and development. To register, submit a talk, or learn more visit:

The Red Hat UXD Team

Posted by & filed under Forms.

Story Background

We currently do not provide any guidance on how to enter numeric data on forms. There is a Bootstrap Touchspin component in Widgets library for numeric data entry but no guidance on how this should be used.

There are four ways I founded to entering numeric data.

  1. Bootstrap Touchspin (stacked):   Data Input + Number Control
  2. Bootstrap Touchspin:  Data Input + Number Control
  3. Bootstrap Slider:  Number Control
  4. Selection: Number Control

(ps: The experience of input box entering data is included to A & B )

In this issue, I decided to do a small usability testing about

What is your preferred control for entering numeric data?


How did I test ?

Test A. Numeric Data Entry

Test link:

Testing environment:Web

This test tested 30 participants from 5 departments of Red Hat.


Section 1- Observe the operation of users

  1. Invite participants to input the four test forms naturally without telling them too much test detail (To reduce the influence of user operation behavior). Observe the operation of the user behavior and make the records.

Testing Analysis

  1. The participants include 16 male and 14 female.
  2. 66.7% (20) participants use “Tab” button to switch the form field. 33.3% participants use cursor to select the field they need to input. There are 8 participants use mouse and 2 participants user touchpad to control the cursor.

Most participants like use the “Tab” button to switch the form field. They like input the information without too much interrupted.


       2.Observe the operation how the users use the BootStrap Touchspin.

Testing Analysis

  1. 96.7% participants enter text directly in the field of Working Years. Just 1 participant use the control buttons on the right.
  2. 86.7% participants enter text directly in the field of Working Years.

Most participants like to enter text in BootStrap Touchspin directly .

4 participants said they didn’t see the control buttons of BootStrap Touchspin (stacked) on the right.


Section 2 – Questions to users

  1. After user finished all the forms, asked user the question “What is your preferred control for entering numeric data? Please sorting for them ”

  1. Both test1 (BootStrap Touchspin (stacked) ) and Test4 (selection) get 37.5% votes. Users have a lot of user experience about this two patterns.
  2. During the test1, 2 users try to enter the number not belong to integers like 3.7 \ 1.5… The BootStrap Touchspin (stacked) adjust the number to integer directly. It takes some confuse to user.
  3. Some user said they don’t like the drop down selection when the options is too long especially appears ScrollBar in the selection box.

Both BootStrap Touchspin (stacked) and drop down selection are good choices to design form data entering. They are very familiar with users and don’t take many problems to them. If data greater than ten, we would better choose BootStrap Touchspin (stacked). If less, both patterns are make sense. Drop down selection is more efficient and less mistakes.


When will they use the control buttons?

The majority of users said they rarely used control button of BootStrap Touchspin (stacked).

There is a very interesting thing from participants. If the number is certain,such as my years old / my pets number, they would like entering the number directly. If the number is not certain,like he is shopping on website but he is not sure how many potatoes he would buy, he would like the control button to control the number.

  1. In this test, Bootstrap Slider is the least popular. 19 participants don’t like this interaction.


  1. The users can not control it well;
  2. Some users don’t know how to use it;
  3. After the selection, the slider do not show the number clearly;
  4. Some user like use keyboard think it is very hard to control it with keyboard.


  1. Compare BootStrap Touchspin (stacked) and BootStrap Touchspin, Which one is your preferred control.

  • 66.7% (20) participants choose BootStrap Touchspin (stacked).



  1. More than 5 participants said they like to use “tab” button to the input box and enter number directly; BootStrap Touchspin (stacked) just need one step, BootStrap Touchspin needs two steps.
  2. 4 users thought BootStrap Touchspin can not input the number directly, just use “+” and “-” button to control the button, so they didn’t like it.
  3. Many users with the use ability “tab” to switch field don’t know tab two times can go to the input box. When they filed use “tab” to input box, then they user cursor to reselect the box. This experience make them not feels very well.

4.They are familiar with this component.

  1. It is very tired to hover the mouse from left to right.  BootStrap Touchspin (stacked) is easier to control number.
  2.   33.3% (10) participants choose BootStrap Touchspin.


  1. They thought it is very hard to click the number control button of BootStrap Touchspin (stacked) because the control buttons are small. That takes them a lot of misclick problems.


  1. Compare the two pages, Which one is your prefer?

Wide one

Narrow one


94.7% (29) participants like the narrow one, even hope it can be more narrow. The input information is short, the wide one is too wide to them.

1 participant think the wide one looks more balance in the page.


Test B. Button within form

Test link:


  1. 73.3% (22) participants like example 2.


1.They looks example 2 is comfortable in visual ;

2.Two participants have the confusion the button is used to copy all the information or just the link. Example 2 is much more clear to him.

  1. 23.3% (7) participants like example 1.


  1. Text field and the button are seen as separate elements. The copy button is more clear to him with the clicking motivation.

2. The button in example 2 not look like a separate function button. Similar with a drop down button.



  1. The Bootstrap touchspin with stacked buttons seems like the preferred method for entering numeric data on a form, primarily because it is easier to tab into the field using the keyboard, which is the preferred data entry method. However the standard Bootstrap Touchspin might be better for situations where target size is a concern, like mobile.
  2. Using a drop-down seems like a good approach when there are a small number of options.
  3. Using narrower field widths for numeric data entry is preferred.
  4. Looks like participants preferred to have buttons within forms directly associated with the input field (no gutter).


More detail test information please check